New uses for public car parks adapted to the delivery needs of the district


Stretching over 1,5 km², Confluence is a distinctive district as it naturally encompasses the peninsula tip of Lyon’s historical centre, while fostering massive urban construction with over a million square metres built between the years 2000 and 2030. Urban policies are looking forward to settling a tranquil and low-motorized environment, hence confronting the pervasive context of automotive mobility. Another goal is to ensure a better share of public spaces. The latter stimulates e-business and therefore disrupts logistics flows and stakeholders.

Two main activities will be carried out in a public car park in the Confluence district, used as an UCC. Firstly, the car park will host electric cargo bikes that will deliver parcels to residents and professionals. A few electric vans will also be used to serve areas inaccessible to bicycles. Also, the Confluence district is undergoing total renewal and is home to numerous construction sites. The need to supply electrical equipment (both light and heavy, such as large network cables) is significant. In order that each craftsman and each construction company can obtain supplies locally, without having to go to the outskirts of the city to get the material, large-size lockers in which the supplier will store the ordered electrical material will be installed in the car park. The use of cargo bikes and lockers could be combined in the future to develop a three-echelon logistics model.

LEAD Strategies to be explored

  • City-Private Parking
  • Depots in and out of city centre,
  • secure access for bicycles to underground car parks via the car lanes,
  • E-cargo bikes,
  • Limiting load breaks and sorting steps
  • Three-echelon network


LEAD will rely on various ongoing and planned experiments to assess the potential of new business models and associated delivery:

  1. Developing the Digital Twin as a decision support tool for local urban delivery policy and assessment of innovative delivery models,
  2. Developing and deploying algorithms for planning and performing dynamic delivery services,
  3. Collaborating with local stakeholders/start-ups (EDVs, AVs) as well as Citizen involvement,
  4. Interaction with the urban mobility smart city plans of Confluence and Grand Lyon,
  5. Novel business models involving state-of-the-art collaboration platforms.


  • Car park arrangements for the LEAD pilot: space dedicated to the pilot, charging points for e-cargo bikes’ batteries
  • Securing the parking lanes for bicycles

  • First deliveries with e-cargo bikes
  • Installation of the lockers