Spatial Planning of Inner-City Loading Areas


Budapest urban node, affected by the Orient East Med and Mediterranean TEN-T corridors, is an important logistics area where 20% of the country’s population resides. Owed to new regulations, air pollution at street level has become a critical area of focus. The proposed framework will quantify the different effects of the e-mobility and regulations to freight transportation scenarios. Multi-objective optimisation will clarify the benefits for all actors on the Budapest inner city (for logistics companies reduced distances, efficient use of time, cost effectiveness, high service levels; for BKK easier and more efficient mobility management and better policy planning as transport modelling is a vital tool for a mobility manager in strategic decision making and decision preparation; for the citizens lower air pollution, better mobility and a more liveable city).


LEAD Strategies to be explored

  • City-3PL PPP
  • Inner-city loading areas, off-peak hour deliveries
  • Electric Vehicles/ Alternative powertrain vehicles



The LL will explore:

  1. Advantages of using UCCs and minihub or serving a certain area (package delivery, general UFT).
  2. Use of Digital Twin with existing macroscopic transport model (model development, data collection, matrix development) for the improved assessment of UFT (freight transport, package delivery, consolidation centres),
  3. Impacts of consolidation centres on air quality,
  4. Assessment of inner-city UFT demand and practice, suggestion for policy refinement in certain cases (e.g. off-peak hour deliveries, development of loading area policy and regulation, establishment and usage, based on citizen and user demands and needs)
  5. Optimal distance of UCCs from the endpoint of delivery,
  6. Impact of freight vehicles from UCCs on the environment and ond the traffic, depending on vehicle size.